Image: Transient displacement of a mechanical wave propagating in ex-vivo porcine eye. A blue-red colormap is used to map the displacement interleaved with the gray-scale of the OCT amplitude image. The bottom of the colorbar indicates the voxel color and the top indicates the transparency applied to any voxel, on a checkerboard background. Five time instants of 3D transient displacement associated with mechanical wave propagation within an ex-vivo porcine eye are shown at two different intraocular pressures (a) – 10?mmHg, and (b) – 40?mmHg for propagation at 0°.  All time instants of wave propagation are shown in the video below. Read full description.

Acoustic micro-tapping for non-contact 4D imaging of tissue elasticity. ?ukasz Ambrozi?ski, Shaozhen Song, Soon Joon Yoon, Ivan Pelivanov, David Li, Liang Gao, Tueng T. Shen, Ruikang K. Wang, Matthew O’Donnell. Scientific Reports, 6: 38967 (2016). Published online 2016 Dec 23. 


Elastography plays a key role in characterizing soft media such as biological tissue. Although this technology has found widespread use in both clinical diagnostics and basic science research, nearly all methods require direct physical contact with the object of interest and can even be invasive. For a number of applications, such as diagnostic measurements on the anterior segment of the eye, physical contact is not desired and may even be prohibited. Here we present a fundamentally new approach to dynamic elastography using non-contact mechanical stimulation of soft media with precise spatial and temporal shaping. We call it acoustic micro-tapping (A?T) because it employs focused, air-coupled ultrasound to induce significant mechanical displacement at the boundary of a soft material using reflection-based radiation force. Combining it with high-speed, four-dimensional (three space dimensions plus time) phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography creates a non-contact tool for high-resolution and quantitative dynamic elastography of soft tissue at near real-time imaging rates. The overall approach is demonstrated in ex-vivo porcine cornea.