Single-cell profiling of the developing mouse brain and spinal cord with split-pool barcoding

Alexander B. Rosenberg, Charles M. Roco,  Richard A. Muscat,  Anna Kuchina,  Paul Sample,  Zizhen Yao,  Lucas Gray, David J. Peeler, Sumit Mukherjee, Wei Chen, Suzie H. Pun, Drew L. Sellers, Bosiljka Tasic, Georg Seelig.

Science  15 Mar 2018:
DOI: 10.1126/science.aam8999


To facilitate scalable profiling of single cells, we developed split-pool ligation-based transcriptome sequencing (SPLiT-seq), a single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) method that labels the cellular origin of RNA through combinatorial barcoding. SPLiT-seq is compatible with fixed cells or nuclei, allows efficient sample multiplexing and requires no customized equipment. We used SPLiT-seq to analyze 156,049 single-nucleus transcriptomes from postnatal day 2 and 11 mouse brains and spinal cords. Over 100 cell types were identified, with gene expression patterns corresponding to cellular function, regional specificity, and stage of differentiation. Pseudotime analysis revealed transcriptional programs driving four developmental lineages, providing a snapshot of early postnatal development in the murine central nervous system. SPLiT-seq provides a path toward comprehensive single-cell transcriptomic analysis of other similarly complex multicellular systems.